Sexually transmitted diseases are infections which spread through sexual contact either oral, vaginal with the exchange of body fluids like blood, vaginal fluids or pre-ejaculation. Every year millions of people get exposed to sexually transmitted disease. Among Millions the majority of the population belongs to the 15 to 24 age group and in that majority of teenagers.
Types Of Sexually Transmitted Disease In Teenagers:
The most common type of STD include-
Chlamydia sexual transmitted disease caused by chlamydia trachtrachomatis. It is common among teenagers it is reported that 3% of girls aging between 15 to 19 have chlamydia
Hepatitis B is a disease caused by the hepatitis B virus it is transmitted through sexual contact through Blood semen and other vaginal fluids.
Cause of Hepatitis B
- Hepatitis B generally caused by having unprotected sex with infected partner.
- consuming infected water or milk.
- passing of blood through sharp equipment used in hospitals like scissors,needles, injections etc.
Trichomoniasis is a disease which spreads through single cell parasite. It is generally common in teenage girls and they are more likely to experience symptoms of it.
Symptoms of trichomoniasis include:
- vaginal odor
- vaginal discharge
- pain or discomfort during sexual intercourse
- pain when urinating
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
Human immunodeficiency virus enters into our body it hijacks white blood cell and forces them to produce more copies of HIV. Leaving immune system to horrible condition. If the virus is untreated it makes conditions worse for a person.
HIV is transmitted through blood, semen, vaginal fluids and other body fluids either with sexual contact ,sharing of equipment used to inject drugs such as needles, syringes.
If HIV reaches to stage 3 known as aids, conditions become fatal for person and he or she might be more prone to death within a year. however with modern science there is much more control can be taken on this disease and even in some cases it has been cured completely without reducing life time of a person.
Also Read:- HIV/AIDS : Symptoms And Causes
Human Papillomavirus (HPV).
HPV is generally transfer through vaginal oral or anal sex and generally do not show any symptoms. It is so common that any sexually active individual would transfer this disease once in their lifetime. Vaccination is the best way to prevent this disease.
Chlamydia disease is sometimes confused with gonorrhea, another bacterial infection transfer through vaginal and anal intercourse, and oral sex. Not only do they share many of the same syndromes, the two diseases can occur together.
Gonorrhea usually begins in the urethra (bladder opening) or the cervix. However, the rapidly proliferating Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacterium can migrate to the uterus and fallopian tubes, giving rise to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). The disease, like chlamydia, may also involve the rectum.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease(PID):
A disease which is most common in teenage girls due to having multiple sex partners in this age group compare to any other group. Inflammation in the upper tract of female reproductive system because of the number of microorganisms passed through sexual contact.
Genital herpes diseases are caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). Symptoms may include painful blisters or open sores in the genital or rectal area. First there may be a tingling or burning feeling in the area. The herpes sores often go away in a few weeks. But the virus stays in the body. And the sores may come back from time to time. There is no cure for HSV. But there are antiviral medicines that can shorten an outbreak and reduce symptoms.
How STD Can Be Avoided:-
- Do not Have sexual relationships with a partner who is affected by sexually transmitted diseases.
- use consistently or everytime male or female condom whether you are having oral vaginal or anal sex.
- Make sure if you are having sex with a person who is suffering from sexually transmitted disease is taking his medicines properly to avoid any transmission of disease further.
- Delay having sexual relationships as long as possible. The younger a person is when they start to have sex for the first time, the more prone they are to getting an sexually disease.
- Have regular checkups for HIV and STIs.
- Learn the symptoms of STIs. Get medical help as soon as possible if you have any symptoms.
- do not have sex during menstruation during menstruation the chances are very high of transmission of disease due to the regular passing of blood through vagina.
- Don’t have anal intercourse. Don’t use a male latex condom.
Sexually transmitted diseases affect men and women of any background, culture or country of any economic levels but nearly 50 out 100 sexually transmitted disease cases are of teenagers.