Menstrual cramps are irritation or pain in the lower abdomen of a woman during her periods or before periods. It is a very common condition that experienced by most of the women, particularly in their younger age and as the time passes it will reduce. The main cause of menstrual cramps is the contraction of your uterus. The contraction or cramping of uterus makes the lining to leave through the vagina. You might be experiencing more cramps during your first few days of the period. At that time the bleeding will be more. This condition does not require medical treatment and it is a natural process. But if the cramps affect your daily activities like you are not able to go to school, or not able to do your work then you have to go for a medical advice. The causes of severe menstrual cramps are;
Pelvic inflammatory disease: it is an infection in your reproductive organ due to bacteria
Endometriosis: a serious condition in which your uterus lining grows outside
Fibroid: growth inside or outside of the uterus
Adenomyosis: the tissue that lines the uterus start to grow into the walls of the uterus
If you have any of these complications it can affect your fertility in the future. Treatment in the early stages will help you to get relief from the cramps and other problems.
Remedies for menstrual cramps
- The cheap and best method to fix the menstrual cramp is to keep a hot water bag on your lower parts of the abdomen and back. This method is very effective and has no side effects. Taking hot water bath also will work well.
- You can use hormonal contraceptives such as pills or hormonal IUD to get relief from the pain. But it should be done with the advice of a doctor.
- A balanced diet and taking enough fluids can help you to get rid of the tiredness during the periods. You can include ginger, fenugreek, and food rich in magnesium, zinc, vitamin B1 etc which will ease menstrual cramps.
- Practicing yoga, exercise, and meditation will distract your mind from the pain and irritation.
- You can get a gentle massage on your back or lower abdomen from your parent or friend. Many people feel comfortable while they get massage
- Smell of essential oils such as lavender can calm your mind and keep you relaxed.
- Taking rest and enjoying your favourite TV shows or having special food also work well for some people.
Period cramps or dysmenorrhea, are usually not a sign of serious health problems. There are various causes and home remedies for menstrual cramps are described in this article. This is not a disease, they can put a crimp in your lifestyle.